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Top 10 Legal Billing Pitfalls

Top 10 Legal Billing Pitfalls

Originally printed in ALACurrents.

By Rick Kabra

The health of any business, including a law firm, depends on good cash flow. The success of your firm may have less to do with anyone’s skill as an attorney or firm administrator and more to do with how you run your office. Avoid these common billing mistakes and you can thrive while other practices are struggling.

1. Improper Tools

Using the wrong tools makes any task slower and more prone to error. Standard office accounting software is not equipped to meet the unique needs of a law practice, such as matter-based billing, multiple billing models and retainer administration. And speaking of retainers…

2. Poor Retainer Management

Retainers are a great idea, in principle. However, unless you monitor retainer balances, the funds may run dry. You must track each retainer so you know when clients need to be prompted to provide additional funding or what to apply to client bills as retainers are earned.

3. Unrecorded Charges

Cloud-based tools allow attorneys to document hours and expenses immediately from their smartphones, tablets or laptops rather than giving them the chance to forget details by the time they get back to the office.

4. Confusing Invoices


Clients often want an itemization of every task performed on a matter. A client should look at an invoice and be able to see instantly what is owed, and when. Firms can still itemize, but the top of the invoice should be a simple statement of the client balance.

5. No Situational Awareness

How much money is owed to your firm? If you don’t know that answer, and can’t find it within a minute, then you have already lost the battle. Stay on top of your billing to achieve the cash flow you need to survive.

6. Inefficient Billing

Batch billing sends all outstanding invoices at once and saves you hours every month. Payment reminders greatly increase your collection rate, but you need to be able to generate those notices quickly each month.

7. Trust Fund Mismanagement

You will need documentation of each transaction in case of audit, and most U.S. states requires monthly three-way reconciliations that correlate the book balance, the bank balance and the trial balance. Make sure your billing software includes trust account management features.

8. Bad Bookkeeping

Reconcile your bank accounts every month to find errors quickly, and to know your practice’s financial health. Document everything to provide a good audit trail. This protects both your firm and your clients.

9. Lack of Mobility

One technology you should be aware of is cloud-based billing. By keeping your billing software on the cloud instead of on an office computer, you have access from anywhere.

10. Insecure Data Storage


How safe are your client records from viruses, spyware, hackers, fires and the N.S.A.? Data stored in well-designed cloud software is significantly more secure than data stored on an office computer. Large datacenters provide digital and physical security, redundant power systems and storage, and regular backups in case of disaster.

You don’t need to dread the billing cycle each month. A little time spent deploying a specialized legal billing software gives any legal professional the opportunity to avoid all of these common billing mistakes.